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USDA - AMS: Pennsylvania Weekly Hay Report (Mon) (2019-02-21)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - February 21, 2019

QA_GR111
New Holland, PA    Fri Feb 22, 2019    USDA-Ag Market News
Pennsylvania Weekly Hay Report - New Holland, PA

SUMMARY OF SOUTHEASTERN PA HAY AUCTIONS -
Summary Report for week ending Friday, Friday 22, 2019
Report comprised of Wolgemuth-New Holland, Kirkwood, and Wolgemuth-Leola hay 
auctions.

             Alfalfa    Alfalfa/Grass    Grass    Straw/Fodder    Balage
Load Count:     15            41           52           21         02
Tonnage:      73.26        176.07       210.62        78.82        15 (bales)
                                                                      
            (Last Week)                                               
             Alfalfa    Alfalfa/Grass    Grass    Straw/Fodder    Balage
Load Count:     05            24           58           21         04
Tonnage:      31.10        105.03       265.47        81.75        46 (bales)


   Report comprised of New Holland and Leola sales. Kirkwood auction not reported 
this week. Compared to last week, Monday's sale offered a heavy supply before a 
snow storm in the area shortened supply and buyer attendance for Wednesday's sale. 
Alfalfa sold with a steady undertone compared to a light test last week. Alfalfa/
Grass blended hay traded steady to 20.00 higher. Grass hay traded 10.00-20.00 
higher. Small bales of Straw traded mostly 20.00-30.00 higher while large bales 
showed sharper increases from 50.00-75.00 higher. Fodder mostly steady. 
Baleage mostly steady on another light test. Demand good. Supply heavy on Monday 
and light on Wednesday. Buyer attendance good on Monday but light on Wednesday. 
All prices are considered FOB, although a 10 mile local delivery is typically 
provided. Prices reflect various size loads of hay. Prices are per ton.

Alfalfa                           Grass Hays (Timothy/Orchard)  
   Large Squares:                   Large Squares:              
      Supreme: one load 300.00          Premium:   240.00-285.00
      Premium:   250.00-280.00 Few      Good:      190.00-250.00
      Good:      200.00-235.00 Few      Fair:      150.00-185.00
      Fair:      -------------          Utility:   -------------
                                                                
   Small Squares:                   Small Squares:              
      Supreme:   -------------          Premium:   350.00-365.00   Few 415.00-430.00
      Premium:   350.00-360.00 Few      Good:      270.00-310.00
      Good:      270.00-340.00 Few      Fair:      200.00-210.00
      Fair:      235.00-255.00 Few      Utility:   -------------
                                                                
Alfalfa/Grass                     Straw                         
   Large Squares: 	            Large Squares/Rounds:       
      Supreme:   290.00-330.00          Straw:     270.00-330.00   One load 360.00
      Premium:   265.00-270.00                   one load 240.00
      Good:      175.00-240.00      Small Squares:              
      Fair:      155.00-185.00          Straw:     300.00-330.00
                                                                
   Small Squares:                 Corn Fodder                   
      Supreme:   400.00-440.00      Large Squares/Rounds:       
               one load 500.00
      Premium: one load 360.00          Fodder:    205.00-260.00   One load 285.00
      Good:      240.00-310.00                     165.00-185.00   Rounds/Poor
      Fair:      170.00-240.00      Small Squares:              
                                        Fodder:    -------------
                                                                
Baleage: Mixed 50.00-57.00/bale.  


Alfalfa guidelines (domestic livestock use and not more than 10 pct grass)
Quality       ADF      NDF       RFV       TDN-100 pct   TDN-90 pct   CP
Supreme       <27      <34      >185         >62          >55.9       >22
Premium      27-29    34-36    170-185    60.5-62        54.5-55.9   20-22
Good         29-32    36-40    150-170      58-60        52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair         32-35    40-44    130-150      56-58        50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility       >35      >44      <130         <56          <50.5       <16

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
 
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.


Source:  USDA Ag Market News, New Holland-Lancaster County, PA 
         Levi Geyer 717-683-3305  NewHollandPALSMN@ams.usda.gov
	 Kayley Ellis, 717-354-2391
         www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/QA_GR111.txt
         www.ams.usda.gov/lsmarketnews

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